What We Do

WE RECYCLE BIOMASS, WASTES, & CONSUME CO2 TO:

    • Produce carbon negative green hydrogen & renewable electricity

    • Permanently remove CO2 from the atmosphere with biochar

    • Solve multiple global challenges & address markets worth trillions of dollars

 

PENNSACO’S BECCS System Overview

Pennsaco’s Dual Stream Hydrogen BECCS System is the high volume, low cost, carbon negative H2 solution needed to effectively decarbonize the economy at the scale, cost, speed, & carbon removal levels required to meet global climate goals and drive the transition to a carbon negative energy economy forward.

A CRITICAL CLIMATE TOOL

10 Billion tons of CO2 must be removed a year by 2050 & 20 Billion tons of CO2 removed a year from 2051 onward to meet & maintain Net Zero.

      • “Converting biomass into fuels with simultaneous capture of the process CO2 emissions holds the greatest potential for negative emissions” – Getting to Neutral

      • Widespread adoption of BECCS could achieve 22 Gt of carbon removal a year. – IPCC 5th Assessment

      • BECCS MUST grow 14% a year to 2030 to meet 2050 Net Zero Goals – IRENA

HOW IT WORKS: CARBON REMOVAL THROUGH BIOENERGY

  • Biochar is the most effective, economical, permanent, and scalable form of carbon removal through bioenergy.

      • Biochar is the solid carbon product of biomass pyrolysis.

      • Biochar captures 3 MT of biogenic CO2 per MT of biochar.

      • When biochar is land applied in agriculture, incorporated as an additive in cementitious products, or otherwise permanently sequestered, this CO2 is permanently removed from the biogenic carbon cycle and the atmosphere.

  • Carbon Capture, Utilization &  Storage (CCUS) technologies collect bioenergy process CO2 emissions and store them. 

      • A major challenge after CO2 has been captured is what to do with it to achieve a long term removal.

      •   Many have turned to deep well injection, which involves significant logistics, cost, and risks of leakage over the long term.

      • CCUS is used to make gasification & biomass conversion technologies that cannot produce biochar carbon negative.

  • The carbon negativity of bioenergy is further enhanced through avoided methane & nitrogen dioxide emissions that would have occurred had the biomass not been recycled.  Methane is 120 times more powerful a GHG than CO2.

CHALLENGES OF CURRENT & EMERGING CCUS TECHNOLOGIES

  • Technologies are still in development, expensive, and have limited applications for achieving long term permanent removal 

  • They require complicated, costly, CO2 intensive logistics like truck or pipeline transport of captured CO2 to deep well injection to achieve permanent sequestration.

  • There is a constant risk of CO2 leaking & releasing back into the atmosphere.

  • CCUS Technologies like direct air capture are decades away from scaling and widespread application, far too late to meet 2050 goals.  

  • We risk the worst effects of climate change in relying on them to meet future CO2 reduction goals.

 

PENNSACO’S BIOCHAR IS DEPLOYABLE AT SCALE FOR HIGH VOLUME, LOW COST, PERMANENT CO2 REMOVAL NOW

 

 

A PATH FORWARD: PENNSACO IS CHANGING THE WAY WE LOOK AT CARBON NEGATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION & CARBON CAPTURE THROUGH:

 

1. CARBON NEGATIVE GREEN HYDROGEN

Pennsaco’s Single and Dual Stream Hydrogen Systems are optimized to produce high volume, high purity carbon negative green hydrogen from biomass, plastic, and municipal solid wastes. 

By 2050, green hydrogen, made from renewable resources, will be an “$11 trillion-dollar commodity sector, transform the energy industry, and play a big role in fighting climate change.  We’re reaching an inflection point where green hydrogen could supply our energy needs, fuel our cars, heat our homes and be used in industries that have no economically viable alternative to fossil fuels. Together with renewable electricity, green hydrogen gives us a shot at attaining a zero-carbon-emission global economy by 2050.” Bank of America, 2020.  

Pennsaco’s Dual Stream Green Hydrogen System Strategic Advantage:

      • One system, two patented pathways to green hydrogen production from waste – produce hydrogen at rates 30% greater than current state of the art

      • Ability to scale rapidly, provide H2 fueling station, mobility, industry & microgrid scale volumes & quality on a consistent, continuous, 24-7 basis in proximity to point of use

      • High yields – 85 kg+ of green hydrogen/ton of biomass- at low cost.  Path to under $1 kg by 2025

      • Single Stream Hydrogen and Dual Stream Hydrogen Systems available

      • Requires no external energy for operations – 100% energy sufficient

      • Carbon negative – CI-209 – greater environmental impact than H2 produced from wind or solar

      • Continuous flow operations, feedstock flexibility

      • 4X the yield of renewable hydrogen per MW than wind or solar to electrolysis. Costs 6-10x less. Delivers serious climate impact at a fraction of the cost

      • 2-3X renewable hydrogen/ton of feedstock & greater carbon removal capabilities than thermal conversion bioenergy competitors

      • Multiple streams of revenue in markets growing by double digits: biochar, carbon removal credits, LCFS credits, etc.

      • Permanent removal of tens of thousands of tons of CO annually per facility.

2.  BIOCARBONS

Biochar:  Regenerative Agriculture, Industrial Decarbonization & Permanent Carbon Removal

Agriculture generates 24% of GHG emissions worldwide.  “It is estimated that at least 50 percent of the carbon in the earth’s soils has been released into the atmosphere over the past centuries. Bringing that carbon back home through regenerative agriculture is one of the greatest opportunities to address human and climate health, along with the financial well-being of farmers.” – Project Drawdown

 

Pennsaco’s biochar, created in a proprietary integrated 2-step in situ process, captures biogenic carbon and is a powerful tool in regenerative agriculture and climate change mitigation.

The benefits of biochar include:

      • Each MT of biochar applied to soils permanently removes 3 MT of COfrom the atmosphere and generates 3 highly valuable, sought after carbon removal credits per MT.

      • Regenerative agriculture practices using biochar, increase the carbon content of soil, improve soil organic matter content, increase productivity & water retention

      • Plants grow deeper roots & are more pest resistant

      • Farms can eliminate fossil fuel based synthetic fertilizers and pest control, and raise soil carbon levels rise 25 to 60 MT of carbon per acre

      • Regenerative agriculture increases crop productivity by 240% & increases farm profitability by 81%

      • Regenerative agriculture could  sequester & avoid 14.5-22.3 GT of CO2 emissions.

      • Biochar itself can reduce CO2 emissions 2.2-4.4 GT by 2050.

      • The market for biochar is projected to grow to $3.6 billion by 2027, with demand  at 1,615M MT by 2050

      • The biochar carbon removal market will grow 30% by 2030.

Activated Carbon for Clean Water

There is an urgent global need for abundant, clean, safe drinking water.  2.1 billion people lack access to clean water in their homes.  32% of the world’s population lack access to sanitation.  842,000 people die every year from diseases that could be prevented by access to clean drinking water & sanitation.

Pennsaco is joining the fight to increase global access to clean, safe drinking water & sanitation by producing high quality activated carbon.

      • Activated carbon is carbon processed at high heat in the absence of oxygen to produce small, low volume, pores in the carbon that increase the surface area available for adsorption; one gram of activated carbon has a surface area of 3000m2 or 32,000 square feet.

      • This pore structure makes activated carbon an ideal medium for cleaning water to safe drinking water standards; a gram of activated carbon will purify 1,000 liters of water.

      • A standard Pennsaco facility will produce 8,000 tons of activated carbon to clean 8,000,000,000 gallons of water to drinking quality standards.

      • Activated carbon is also used in air treatment, pharmaceutical production and industrial applications. 

      • The market for activated carbon will grow 10%  by 2025.

3.  CARBON NEGATIVE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION

Pennsaco captures 95% of feedstock BTU value, generates twice the energy per available BTU than today’s waste & biomass power plants, and is carbon negative.  This makes our Single Stream Hydrogen Systems 2 to 3 times more productive and our Dual Stream Hydrogen Systems 4 to 6 times more productive than green hydrogen competitors.

      • Patented Energy Amplification Technology produces 30% more renewable electricity than conventional methods.

      • Self Sufficient. Requires no external power or gas for plant operations (a significant hidden cost in competing operations).

      • Baseload Power. Continuous flow processes generate power 24/7 with 95% availability.

      • 2020 renewable electricity market volume was 7,317.9 TWh.  Renewable energy only met 13% of total energy demand.  Market will grow 8.5% to 12,630.9 TWh in 2027 with a valuation in excess of $2,900 Billion.

      • U.S. set goal of 100% CO2 free electricity by 2035.  

4.  CARBON NEGATIVE IMPACT

The concentration of COin our atmosphere is now at its highest level in recorded history.

Carbon neutral energy will not be enough to stay at 1.5C.  Carbon negative energy with permanent carbon removal will be critical to avoiding the worst effects of climate change. 

 

The fight to address climate change presents us with humanity’s greatest challenge and with the greatest financial, environmental, and social impact opportunities of our lifetime. 

 

Pennsaco has built a practical, long-term, sustainable energy and climate change solution with proven, effective, technology that addresses primary climate, waste, energy, and quality of life challenges we face.

Pennsaco’s System Permanently Removes CO & Offsets CO Emissions Through Multiple Pathways:

      • Consumes CO

      • Biochar permanently removes 3 MT CO2 /MT of biochar land applied or otherwise sequestered.  12% of the worlds GHG could be offset using biochar

      • Carbon negative green hydrogen & renewable electricity displace fossil fuel derived energy in the transportation, industrial, electricity & heat production, and agricultural sectors which together are responsible for 84% of global GHG emissions.

      • Recycling biomass and organic waste avoids methane emissions, 80 times more potent than CO .  One MT of wood waste left in place to decay emits 6.7 MT of CO

      • Recycling plastic waste into new plastic products and biochemicals avoids CO emissions associated with virgin plastics produced from fossil fuels.

      • Using recovered carbon black from tires recycled in Pennsaco’s system reduces CO2 footprint of new tire manufacturing by 85%.

      • Recycling one MT of railroad ties in Pennsaco’s system avoids one MT CO and permanently removes 1,680 lbs of CO2 .

5.  SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT

80% of all waste is incinerated or landfilled.  Only 9% of the plastic ever produced has been recycled.  McKinsey estimates that $320 is lost in every ton of waste not recycled into the circular economy – roughly the GDP of Sweden – every year. This waste will double by 2025 and annual waste management costs will rise from $202 billion to over $374 billion by 2025.   

 

Pennsaco’s technology unlocks the value of that waste, returning those resources to the economy and generating outsized returns.

Pennsaco has successfully processed:

      • All types of woody biomass waste including forestry management & lumber residues, saw mill waste, vegetation & storm debris, end of life railroad ties

      • Agricultural residues including bagasse, corn stover, nut shells, grasses & purpose grown crops

      • Municipal solid waste

      • Plastic waste

      • Rubber tires

      • Construction & Demolition debris

      • River sludge and other wastesTO